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18/Aug/2022

All you need to know about Behavioural Disorder in kids

Small kids can be naughty, rebellious, and hasty now and again, which is totally ordinary. Nonetheless, a few kids have very troublesome and testing ways of behaving that are outside the standard for their age, it very well may be an indication of a conduct issue or behavioural disorder. These problems can result from temporary stressors in the child’s life, or they might represent more enduring disorders.

The most common behavioural disorders are:

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that causes difficulty focusing attention. It can also cause hyperactivity and impulsivity.
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), for instance, includes angry outbursts, typically directed at people in authority. Children with ODD display angry outbursts toward authority figures, such as parents, caregivers, or teachers.
  • Conduct Disorder (CD) tend to violate basic social rules and the rights of others. This can have a significant impact on someone’s academic, social, and home life. People with CD may also have difficulty feeling empathy or have another condition, such as anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder that affects their thoughts and behaviour.

 

Some of the main symptoms for the above include Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), anxiety disorder, depression, bipolar disorder and learning disorders.

Behavioural disorders in children can be improved by providing then with adequate training at a very young age like cognitive therapy which helps them to control their thoughts, anger management techniques which helps them to identify the signs of their growing frustrations, and social training which helps the individual to have a proper conversation with the people around them and some encouragement which will boost their morale and would try to improve on their social skills.

If your child is experiencing any of these behavioural disorders, it is important to get help from a professional as soon as possible, because these conditions can affect the quality of life to such a degree that they may lead to self-harm. At Jeevaniyam, our Paediatrician, Child psychologist, and Child psychiatrist help your child to manage their behaviours with early intervention and appropriate treatments such as cognitive behaviour therapy, medication, parent management training and treatment for associated problems. With careful treatment, we can improve your child’s behaviour over time.


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13/Aug/2022

ADHD In Children: An Excessive Talking Child!

One of the most common symptoms for a kid with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is excessive talking and often have trouble inhibiting and controlling their responses which would result in making humming, noises, movement, fidgeting, wiggling, getting into things, etc. They may blurt out whatever first comes to mind, whether appropriate or not, without thinking through how their words may be received.

 

There are several characteristics of ADHD that may lead to excessive talking

  • Hyperactivity:
    • Hyperactivity can be classified as physical and/or verbal overactivity, including talking excessively, interrupting others, monopolizing conversations, and not letting others talk.
  • Language pragmatics:
    • Talking too much is also related to language pragmatics or the social use of language. Language problems, including pragmatics, are common in nearly half of the children with ADHD.
  • Difficulty with social cues:
    • Many kids with ADHD have a hard time picking up on and reading social cues, which can make it difficult to take turns in conversations.
  • Self-control:
    • ADHD can interfere with a child’s self-control and ability to manage impulsive behaviour, like, blurting out comments at inappropriate times.
  • Poor listening skills:
    • Kids with ADHD have hard time carrying on a conversation because it’s difficult for them to pause, listen to other people, and make appropriate decisions about when to talk and stop talking. Again, they don’t always know how to focus on other people and take cues from them.
  • Difficulty to think before they speak:
    • Kids with ADHD don’t realize when it is or isn’t the appropriate time to talk; they blurt out the first thing that pops into their mind and monopolizes conversations because it’s hard for them to put their brain and their mouth on pause.

 

In general, kids with ADHD have a challenging time dealing with too much talking, humming, noises, movement, fidgeting, wiggling, getting into things, etc. At Jeevaniyam, our Psychologist, Speech and language pathologist and Occupational therapist help your child to deal with the issues related to excessive talking by training them with the basics of effective communication and channelling their energy effectively and thereby controlling their responses. We support your child to understand, practice and develop their social skills for a bright future.


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08/Aug/2022

Why Is Buttoning And Zipping So Important For Fine Motor Skills?

 

Fine motor skills are the ability to make movements using the small muscles in our hands and wrists. Gross motor skills are the ability to make movements with whole body muscles and joints. Fine motor skills are very important for young children to achieve their daily tasks such as buttoning a shirt, tying shoe laces, grasping a pencil, using utensils, typing on a keyboard and much more. Fine motor skills can also help develop hand-eye coordination in young children.

Most children can get pants with elastic waists on themselves and pull a sweater or shirt over their heads, but the fine motor skills involved in zipping, snapping, and buttoning may be more challenging for young children. Buttons, zippers, snaps and buckles are all clothing fasteners that require finger dexterity and fine motor skills to open and close. The proximal muscles of the shoulder girdle and trunk function as a stabilizer when fastening clothing. Efficient control of the larger muscle groups in the neck, shoulder and trunk is necessary to maintain stability to place the fingers and hands in the proper position to button/unbutton, zip/unzip, snap and buckle. Young children need time to practice using their fine motor skills in everyday situations. Although it can be tempting for adults to jump in and finish buttoning or snapping shirts or pants or tying shoes because it is faster, it is important young children get the opportunity to finish these activities because it helps them work on developing their fine motor skills.

Using zippers is a complicated functional skill for kids. Managing two hands at the same time at the belly level, using one hand to hold down the zipper chamber and the zipper pull while the other hand is holding the end of the zipper and trying to thread it into the chamber it’s a huge motor planning process, requiring many essential skills.

It is important to remember that each child develops at his or her own pace, and that these are not set in stone, but it is often helpful to have a general idea of when these skills should be emerging. Below are the skills typically expected at the listed ages.

  • 18 – 24 Months:  Able to unzip a zipper with a large tab
  • 2-3 Years: Able to unzip and unsnap clothing while wearing it
  • 3-4 Years: Able to button and unbutton large buttons, unzip and zipper after it is “started”
  • 5-6 Years: Able to hooks and zip up a zipper while wearing the clothing

If zipping or buttoning is an ongoing challenge in your child’s life, seek professional assistance from Jeevaniyam.

At Jeevaniyam we provide Occupational Therapy to help your child achieve independence with fasteners. Our team of doctors and occupational therapist assess & improve the skills such as sensory processing skills, balance and bilateral coordination skills, visual-perceptual skills, eye-hand coordination skills, postural control & proper stability in the context of buttoning or zipping in order to design appropriately targeted treatment strategies.


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28/Jul/2022

Everything you need to know about a late talker!

A toddler between 1.5 years – 2.5 years who has good social skills, thinking skills, typically developing play skills, motor skills, and understanding of language, but has a limited spoken vocabulary for his or her age is usually referred to as a late talker. Usually most of the kids start talking from 9 months to 18 months. If you have a child that hasn’t spoken any words at that age, we want to look carefully at that child.

If your child has a Speech or Language Delay, there are a few signs to look for:

  • Incapable of communicating by the age of 2 years.
  • Inability to speak in short sentences before the age of 3 years.
  • Inability to follow instructions.
  • A lack of communication or word pronunciation.
  • Difficulty forming a sentence together.
  • Leaving out words from a sentence.

 

There are two types of late talkers:

  • Speech delay:

    Alludes to the words we say and how we say them. Kids with speech deferrals might battle to figure out words, and you might find them experiencing issues understanding what you are talking about.

  • Language Delay:

    Language alludes to the way we speak with others. Youngsters who are deferred in their language improvement might have the option to say a couple of words yet have a restricted jargon or can’t put multiple words together.

 

Speech or Language delays in children have many possible causes. Some common causes include the following:

  • Several Psychosocial Issues:

    These can cause language delays, as well. For example, severe neglect can lead to problems with language development.

  • Hearing Impairment: 

    It’s common for children who have a hearing impairment to have a language impairment as well. If they can’t hear language, learning to communicate can be difficult.

  • Intellectual Disability: 

    A variety of intellectual disabilities can cause language delays. For instance, dyslexia and other learning disabilities lead to language delays in some cases.

  • Autism:

    While not all children with autism have language delays, autism frequently affects communication.

 

Dealing with a late talker is a stressful experience for parents. A parent should start to raise concerns if you think your child may be a late talker, it’s never too early to seek help. Recognizing and treating speech and language delays early on is the best approach. At Jeevaniyam, we do early intervention using out tailor made assessment protocols and our speech-language pathologist listen to your concerns and will work with your child to improve speech and language skills.


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25/Jul/2022

Causes Of Memory Problems In Children With Learning Disorders

Learning disorder is a neurological condition that affects the brain’s ability to send, receive, and process information. A child with a learning disorder may have difficulties in reading, writing, speaking, listening, understanding mathematical concepts, and general comprehension.

There are at least two types of memory challenges called “working memory” and “long-term memory”, which might probably lead to difficulties in learning.

Working Memory: Challenges with “working memory” can lead to difficulties in learning. This is mainly because the individual may have less space in working memory for organizing and integrating new skills or knowledge.

Long Term Memory: “long-term memory” may affect factors like

  • What information is recalled?
  • The time it takes an individual to recall information.
  • Or one’s ability to remember things in the correct order or sequence.

As discussed above, challenges with working memory lead to difficulty in learning since the individual may have less space in working memory for organizing and integrating new skills or knowledge. Without a strong working memory, your child struggles to pay attention. They have difficulties organizing their time, planning activities, and taking steps to reach a goal. You may notice that they can’t follow instructions and they often don’t complete homework assignments or chores.

A child’s short-term memory loss is no different than an adult’s short-term memory loss. Numerous reasons lead to short-term memory loss in children. There are various conditions of short-term memory loss; some affect a child’s ability to memorize names, places, or remember an incident; some affect a child’s ability to articulate, and some affect a child’s ability to learn mathematics.

The main causes are:

  • Concussions and traumatic brain injuries
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD)
  • Medical and mental health disorders
  • Childhood trauma
  • Poor Working Memory
  • Dyscalculia
  • Dyslexia

Noticing a memory problem in your child can be incredibly unnerving. You may wonder if their memory lapses are normal for their developmental stage or if a glitch in their memory signals a more serious problem.

If you’re concerned about your child’s memory, Book an appointment at Jeevaniyam Ayurveda Hospital. We specialize in determining the cause of memory problems with occupational therapy followed by behavioural therapy.

Our expert team includes speech therapists, paediatricians, physiotherapists, and child psychologists who can help you and your child to overcome the challenges of their memory.


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20/Jul/2022

How To Improve The Short Attention Span Of A Child With Adhd?

Short attention span is one of the major symptoms of ADHD. Children with ADHD typically have impairment of functions such as concentration, memory, impulse control, processing speed and an inability to follow directions. Children often jump from task to task without finishing any of them. They feel trapped by any task that takes longer than the time they’re able to maintain focus. Improving this skill usually requires breaking tasks into smaller segments while working to increase the child’s low attention span.

The main issues faced by students with short attention span are:
  • Problems with academic performance
  • Inability to complete daily tasks
  • Missing important details or information
  • Excessive level of stress and frustrations
  •  Problems with communication

There are ways to help children focus so that their days are not composed of flitting from one activity to another. Your child with attention deficits may struggle to concentrate on homework, be easily distracted from chores or battle to keep to routines, causing high levels of frustration in the household. To help you in your efforts to improve your children’s attention span, here are some things you can do to motivate them to focus:

  • Divide lessons or tasks into short segments
  • Use visuals when teaching
  • Adding Physical Activity
  • Establish routines and schedules
  • Apply Time Frames
  • Give them a break
  • Remove Distractions
  • Look into their eyes when you talk
  • Find Out What Interests Your Child
  • Reinforce positive behaviour
  • Reward them
  • Relaxation and Positive Imagery
  • Meditation and Mindfulness
  • Diet and Hydration
  • Ensure Adequate Sleep

At Jeevaniyam, we can help to tailor learning plans and goals to help your child improve his/her focus and detect the onset of greater learning challenges. With encouragement and therapy sessions such as Behavioural Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Ayurveda, Music and Yoga we can help your children work their way through these challenges and be empowered with a positive mindset to excel in school. If the inattentiveness of the child cannot be helped with these easy ways, chances are there that your child is suffering from ADHD and might need expert help. If you suspect in any sense that your child may have ADHD, you can contact the experts at Jeevaniyam.


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02/Jul/2022

The Role Of Parents & Teachers Towards ADHD Students

ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviours (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active. It is normal for children to have trouble focusing and behaving at one time or another. However, children with ADHD do not just grow out of these behaviours. The symptoms continue, can be severe, and can cause difficulty at school, at home, or with friends. The teachers and parents play a major role in shaping the lives of the child. The teachers should be dutiful and willing to uplift the child. The parents should undertake special responsibility to teach the child. Thus, ensuring that ADHD students can study and be on par with the other students.

The main signs of children with ADHD are
  • Demanding attention by talking out of turn or moving around the room.
  • Having trouble following instructions, especially when they’re presented in a list, and with operations that require ordered steps, such as long division or solving equations.
  • Often forgetting to write down homework assignments, complete them, or bring completed work to school.
  • Often lack fine motor control, which makes note-taking difficult and handwriting a trial to read.
  • Having problems with long-term projects where there is no direct supervision.
  • Not to pull their weight during group work and may even keep a group from accomplishing its task.

Parents should be extremely cooperative towards their teachers. They should regularly check their notebook and complete the notes if, the child has not completed them in class. The teachers cannot prepare notes separately for the students, so the parents should undertake this responsibility. The ADHD kid is usually not intellectually disabled and hence can learn like the other kids if they are given special attention. Parents must accept the fact that children with ADHD have functionally different brains from those of other children. While children with ADHD can still learn what is acceptable and what isn’t, their disorder does make them more prone to impulsive behaviour.

The teachers play a special role in evaluating the needs of the children. They should access their strengths and weaknesses and undertake a step accordingly. The teachers can help the students to stay focused and learn to their full capabilities. The teacher should always think positively and should not deny helping such students. Some teachers simply use such statements ‘We are always pestering the kid to write notes, but the child is not writing’. But such kids may be very smart but due to the teacher’s discouragement, the child may not develop fully to their potential.

At Jeevaniyam, with the help of our professionals, we detect ADHD at a very young age in children and help them overcome it with a combination of our ayurvedic protocols and two basic principles of behaviour management therapy. The first is encouraging and rewarding good behaviour (positive reinforcement). The second is removing rewards by following bad behaviour with appropriate consequences, leading to the extinguishing of bad behaviour (punishment, in behaviourist terms). You teach your child to understand that actions have consequences by establishing rules and clear outcomes for following or disobeying these rules. These principles must be followed in every area of a child’s life. That means at home, in the classroom, and in the social arena.


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29/Jun/2022

Ayurveda Beyond Therapeutics In Autism

Ayurveda is one of the world’s oldest holistic healing systems that was developed more than 3,000 years ago in India. It’s based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and Indriya. Its main goal is to promote good health, and not fight diseases. However, treatments may be geared toward specific health problems. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and nonverbal communication. The reason for autism cannot be tagged with a single factor and this must be dealt with and healed at the physical and psychological levels.

Agasthya protocol in Ayurveda is proved to be one of the best ways in handling autism. One of the components of Agasthya Protocol highlights the importance of lifestyle management.

  • Dinacharya

    – Dinacharya or daily routine is a concept in Ayurvedic medicine that looks at the cycles of nature and bases daily activities around these cycles.

  • Rithucharya

    – “Ritu” which means season and “charya” which means Regimen or discipline. Ritucharya consists of lifestyle and ayurvedic diet routine to cope with the bodily and mental impacts caused by seasonal changes as recommended by Ayurveda.

  • Rathricharya

    – The regimen followed between evening hours (sunset) and night shall be included under Ratricharya. These activities shall be strictly followed for the maintenance of health and also to prevent many diseases.

Autism, as we are aware about has a strong connection with the gut-brain balance and children who are suffering from autism has various issues with the gut flora balance. So with the main principles of Agasthya protocols along with dietary protocols and Vyayama or physical exercise , we can regain the biological rhythm and thereby clearing the issues in the gut and improve the derailed metabolism of the child. Along with this we conduct Panchakarma therapies like dhara which helps correct  the sleep pattern,, sensory issues and higher mental functions.

At Jeevaniyam, for children we recommend to follow the timely protocols of at least 6 regimes like awakening, brushing, toilet activities, food habits, physical activity and sleeping patterns to tune the biological rhythm of the child. One of the most important question asked by any parent with an autistic child will be

“What would be the future of my child?”

We detect & train children from a very young age with our unique integrative treatment, therapies & training which helps the child to achieve a social smile. Our unique concept at Jeevaniyam is to identify the hidden talents and inner strength of special children and training them to be part of the inclusive world.  This will help the child find his own pace & harmony of living that can lead him to his destiny. It includes basic training like feeding, toileting, social interaction and other daily activities. It is important to find the reason, like sensory or organic in each child and train him accordingly. Here, a team of trained special educators, caretakers, and therapists work under doctors making it a complete team to train the child to become self-dependent and more confident.


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23/Jun/2022

Why Crawling An Important Milestone For Infants?

Crawling is considered the first form of independent movement. It helps develop and enhance our vestibular/balance system, sensory system, cognition, problem-solving skills, and coordination. To help your baby succeed at crawling, start with exposing them to tummy time while playing. This is achieved by infants before they learn to walk. Crawling requires cross-lateral movement, which many believe activates both the right and left sides of the brain. These types of exercises can help the emotional and logical sides of the brain develop for better learning growth. In the traditional crawl, babies start by learning to balance on their hands and knees. Then they figure out how to move forward and backward by pushing off with their knees. At the same time, they are strengthening the muscles that will soon enable them to walk.

Infants typically begin to crawl between 6 and 10 months, although some may skip the crawling phase altogether and go straight to pulling up, cruising, and walking. As children crawl their brain is making more and more connections. Each connection is a solution to a problem that they have solved with crawling. The more they crawl the more streamlined these connections become and the more automatic the skill becomes. Following are the different types of crawling depending on the way the infants move:

  • Classic crawl:

    Moving one arm and the opposite leg together at the same time to push forward

  • Scoot: 

    Dragging the bottom across the floor

  • Crab crawl:

    Moving with one knee bent and the other extended, either forward or sideways

  • Commando crawl:

    Lying flat on the tummy and using the arms to move forward

  • Backward crawl:

    Moving in a backward direction while crawling

 

Crawling provides them an opportunity to explore their environment. Before the skill becomes automatic, the child is using a lot of their brain just to move and figure out what is going on and how to achieve this great feat of independent movement. The research found that children who were crawling showed greater memory retention when tested in both the same and different settings. These skills are important because they offer the child the strength that is required to be able to walk, run and jump.

At Jeevaniyam, our doctors check for crawling as it is one of the infant’s first growth milestones to make sure that the child is not having any issues in brain functionality. In some cases, infants may skip the crawling phase altogether and start walking but it is always good to check with a doctor to make sure that the brain development is proper to avoid future developmental issues.


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16/Jun/2022

What Is Stimming Behaviour?

Stimming behaviour more commonly known as self-stimulatory behaviour is found in children who make repetitive or unusual movements or noises.

Stimming might include hand and finger mannerisms like finger-flicking and hand-flapping. unusual body movements like rocking back and forth while sitting or standing. These movements are used solely to stimulate one’s own senses.

 This behaviour is common in many individuals with developmental disabilities; it appears to be most common in children and adults with autism. It is important to note that not all self-injurious behaviours are considered to be self-stimulatory. Self-injurious behaviour can also be communicative.

Stimming seems to help autistic children manage emotions like anxiety, anger, fear and excitement. For example, stimming might help them to calm down because it focuses their attention on the stim or produces a calming change in their bodies.

Stimming might also help children manage overwhelming sensory information. For autistic children who are oversensitive to sensory information, stimming can reduce sensory overload because it focuses their attention on just one thing. For autistic children who are under sensitive, stimming can stimulate ‘underactive’ senses.

Some of the common stimming behaviours are

  • Biting your fingernails
  • Twirling your hair around your fingers
  • Cracking your knuckles or other joints
  • Drumming your fingers
  • Tapping your pencil
  • Jiggling your foot
  • Whistling

In an autistic person, stimming might involve:

  • Rocking
  • Flapping hands or flicking or snapping fingers
  • Bouncing, jumping, or twirling
  • Pacing or walking on tiptoes
  • Pulling hair
  • Repeating words or phrases
  • Rubbing the skin or scratching
  • Repetitive blinking
  • Staring at lights or rotating objects such as ceiling fans
  • Licking, rubbing, or stroking particular types of objects
  • Sniffing at people or objects
  • Rearranging objects

Other repetitive behaviours can cause physical harm. These behaviours include:

  • Head banging
  • Punching or biting
  • Excessive rubbing or scratching at skin
  • Picking at scabs or sores
  • Swallowing dangerous items

Stimming actions can vary in intensity and can occur due to various emotions. Autistic people of any age may stim occasionally or constantly in response to excitement, happiness, boredom, stress, fear, and anxiety. They may also stim during times when they are feeling overwhelmed.

At Jeevaniyam, we do manage these conditions for children with autism if, it is physically harming them. Our experts manage this using specified management protocols and trained professionals.


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