Kids having problems in academic performance is not a new issue. But having a kid diagnosed with a learning disability can be alarming. Many parents get panic and frustrated. But this is not the way to handle it. A child when gets diagnosed with a learning disability, the parents realise the problem which in turn is the first step to its solution. Shouting, blaming or punishing the child will not do any good in such cases. The calmer the parent is, the child finds a better way out of the problem. It is not easy, yet with appropriate professional guidance, it is possible in many children. Many genius persons in history like Thomas Edison suffered from a learning disorder. So, better to stop blaming the kid for poor marks and let us help him find a solution for his real problem.
In older days, this condition was simply called academic skill disorder which gives more details of the condition. It is highly relevant in the clinical context. Classically LD is affected in three main domains in academics which are reading, writing and arithmetic skills. Pathologically, LD can be developed due to physical or mental disorders. It can also be due to issues with school, curriculum or syllabus. It can also be due to problems in the family or social environment. It is very important to realise the cause of the disease as only a case with an organic basis can be handled with medicines and therapies. Other causes should be addressed by counselling professionals, social workers or teachers. Many organic diseases can lead to LD as a clinical manifestation. They include ADHD, behavioural & emotional disorders, children who missed the crawling stage in milestones, children with a history of complicated pregnancy, dysmorphism, speech disorders & problems with language development and defective fine motor activities like pen holding.